Extracorporeal shockwave therapy in orthopaedics or trauma surgery was developed from a non-surgical urological treatment method in which shockwaves were used to pulverise kidney stones, enabling them to be passed out of the body without surgery. Just like in urology, sound pressure waves are created and bundled (focused) deep inside the body. This concentration of the shockwaves can then be applied in regular, repetitive rhythms to break up a solid object such as a calcification. The shockwave therapy pulverises the calcification, allowing it to be absorbed and transported by the body’s blood circulation and ultimately excreted out of the body. The shockwaves are designed to activate a “biomechanical feedback” and the “excretion of semiochemicals” in the treated tissue; these effects in turn activate the body’s repair processes and positive circulatory system processes.